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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-55

Prevalence and pattern of inflammatory dermatoses and skin cancers in highly active antiretroviral therapy-experienced and highly active antiretroviral therapy-naive patients in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria


Department of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Roli Cynthia Madubuko
Department of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/phmj.phmj_5_18

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Introduction: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces morbidity, mortality and prolong life in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Only a few studies have compared the prevalence and pattern of inflammatory dermatoses and skin cancers in HAART-naïve and HAART-experienced HIV-infected patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of inflammatory dermatoses and skin cancers in HAART-experienced and HAART-naive patients in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Methods: This was a comparative cross-sectional study that involved 330 HAART-experienced patients and 330 HAART-naive patients. Patients were examined for inflammatory dermatoses and skin cancers. Skin biopsies were done where applicable for diagnostic accuracy. Results: The mean age of the HAART-experienced group and HAART-naïve group was 42.39 ± 10.1 years and 39.9 ± 11.2 years, respectively. The male-to-female ratio of the HAART-naive and HAART-experienced population was 1.9:1 and 3:1, respectively. The median CD4 count of the HAART-naive group was significantly lower than the HAART-experienced group (275.5 vs. 487 cells/μ P ≤ 0.01). Skin cancers were present in 1.8% of the HAART-naïve group but absent in HAART-experienced patients (P ≤ 0.01). The prevalence of inflammatory dermatoses was 36 (10.9%) in the HAART-naïve group and 8 (2.4%) in the HAART-experienced group (P < 0.01). Pruritic papular eruption was the most common inflammatory dermatoses in both groups with a prevalence of 7.6% and 1.2% in the HAART-naïve and HAART-experienced groups, respectively. Conclusion: Inflammatory dermatoses and skin malignancies were more common in HAART-naive HIV-infected patients compared to HAART-experienced patients. HAART may reduce the cutaneous morbidity in HIV patients.


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