Port Harcourt Medical Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 119--124

Prevalence of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection and factors associated with treatment outcome among the tuberculosis patients in HIV treatment facility in a teaching hospital in Jos, North Central Nigeria


Sunday Asuke, John Bimba, Swem Micheal Ngutor, Eunice Ejiga, Shanabo Z Miracle, Dorcas M Anamayi 
 Department of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jos Campus, Bingham University, New Karu, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Sunday Asuke
Department of Community Medicine and PHC, College of Health Sciences, Jos Campus, Bingham University, New Karu, Nassarawa State, Nasarawa State
Nigeria

Background: Globally, tuberculosis (TB) remains a disease of grave public health concern. It ranks above HIV/AIDS as the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, and as one of the 10 most common causes of mortality. This study assessed the prevalence of TB-HIV co-infection and factors associated with treatment outcome among the TB patients in an HIV treatment facility in a Teaching hospital in Jos, North central Nigeria. Methods: A 10-year retrospective, descriptive cross-sectional review was conducted and data was extracted through the review of TB registers. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20 and bivariate analyses was conducted at P < 0.05. Results: The prevalence of TB-HIV co-infection was 9.25%, with the mean age of the study participants being 41.8 ± 11.6 years. Of all the participants, 87.5% had successful treatment outcome, while 12.5% had unsuccessful treatment outcome. In the bivariate analysis, place of residence was the only socio-demographic factor significantly associated with treatment outcome (<0.001). Conclusion: The TB-HIV co-infection prevalence rate was about 10% of the total HIV population with a high TB treatment success rate. With the exception of place of residence, no other factor had statistically significant relationship with the treatment outcome.


How to cite this article:
Asuke S, Bimba J, Ngutor SM, Ejiga E, Miracle SZ, Anamayi DM. Prevalence of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection and factors associated with treatment outcome among the tuberculosis patients in HIV treatment facility in a teaching hospital in Jos, North Central Nigeria.Port Harcourt Med J 2020;14:119-124


How to cite this URL:
Asuke S, Bimba J, Ngutor SM, Ejiga E, Miracle SZ, Anamayi DM. Prevalence of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection and factors associated with treatment outcome among the tuberculosis patients in HIV treatment facility in a teaching hospital in Jos, North Central Nigeria. Port Harcourt Med J [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Sep 18 ];14:119-124
Available from: https://www.phmj.org/article.asp?issn=0795-3038;year=2020;volume=14;issue=3;spage=119;epage=124;aulast=Asuke;type=0